What Are My Rights?
Voter Suppression Is Illegal. A voter's eligibility may be challenged when early voting on the same basis as on Election day. However, abusing the voter challenge process (by bringing bad-faith or baseless challenges) can suppress or intimidate voters and is a crime. If you are the victim of voter suppression, PLEASE document all pertinent facts and report this promptly to the NYS Attorney General's Election Hotline at 800-771-7755 or online; to Election Protection (866-OUR-VOTE); to NYDLC (866-NYDLC-01).
- In addition, please complete this Vote Early NY Incident Form, so our network of pro-voter advocates and voting rights attorneys can follow up. All submissions and personal identifying information will be kept confidential.
- Early Voting DAYS
All NYS counties are now required to provide each registered voter with nine additional days to cast a ballot in person prior to Election Day. The Early Voting period begins on the second Saturday prior to Election Day and ends on the Sunday prior to Election Day Tuesday (inclusive). Find My Early Voting Options
- Early Voting HOURS OF OPERATION
The law requires counties to provide a minimum of eight operating hours per day on weekdays between the timeframe of 7:00 am and 8:00 pm, with at least one site for all voters remaining open until 8:00 pm on at least two weekdays, during each week of the early voting period.
The law requires counties to provide a minimum of five operating hours per day on all weekend days or holidays between the timeframe of 9:00 am and 6:00 pm.
Counties may choose to provide additional early voting hours.
- Early Voting LOCATIONS
Each NYS county must provide at least one early voting site for every full increment of 50,000 registered voters, with a maximum requirement of seven sites for more populous counties and a minimum requirement of one site for less populous counties. Counties may choose to provide additional sites. Click here for current NYS voter registration data by county.
Greater access permitted; lesser access prohibited: The early voting law permits localities to provide more Early Voting locations or operating hours than those required, but they may not provide less locations or hours. These are minimum safeguards designed to ensure a basic level of access to all eligible New Yorkers, while providing flexibility to local officials to tailor a program that best meets the needs of residents.
- Key County DEADLINES
- May 1st. For the general election, counties must designate early voting sites and hours by May 1st each year. Prior to a primary or special election, early voting sites, hours, and assignments must be designated at least 45 days prior. This allows the public, press, civic groups, and candidates to assess the plan for equity.
- June 1st. Counties must file an annual early voting communications plan. They should use any and all forms of media designed to reach and raise awareness among residents, but they aren't required to do very much.
- Advocate's Toolkit. LetNYvote has prepared this NYS Early Voting implementation guide.
Resource Conservation. For primary or special elections only, a county board of elections may reduce the number of early voting sites required if the board of elections determines a lesser number of sites is sufficient to meet the needs of early voters.
Administrative Hardship Safeguard. Generally, registered voters may vote at ANY early voting location in the county in which they reside. However, in limited circumstances of administrative “impracticality”, the local board of elections may decide to "assign election districts" to particular early voting sites. However, all voters must still have equal access to early voting opportunities (i.e., all minimum days and hours access safeguards listed above must still be available to all voters).
Election Integrity Safeguard. All ballots and scanners used for early voting must be secured during the full early voting period through the close of the polls on Election Day. Early voting ballots are counted and canvassed in the same manner as if cast on Election Day; they may not be tabulated prior to Election Day night, nor may unofficial results be tabulated or released sooner than Election Day night.
E-Poll Books Approved in NYS. The New York State Board of Elections has initially approved three Electronic Poll Book System vendors for use in New York. Click on each name below to access the SBOE Vendor Assessment Report.